Salary payable is classified as a current liability account under the head of current liabilities on the balance sheet. All the general rules of accounting are also applicable to this account. Let us take the example of another company ASD Inc. which prepares its financial statements on December 31 of every year, while the salaries are paid to the employees on the 27th of every month.

Many states have implemented minimum wages that are higher than the federal wage and employers in those states have to pay the higher state minimum wage. We accept payments via credit card, wire transfer, Western Union, and (when available) bank loan. Some candidates may how to open a business bank account online qualify for scholarships or financial aid, which will be credited against the Program Fee once eligibility is determined. Please refer to the Payment & Financial Aid page for further information. Want to learn more about what’s behind the numbers on financial statements?

Is Unearned Revenue A Current Asset Or A Current Liability?

And in most cases, it is also treated as the same from the tax perspective. Pass the journal entries and make salaries payable ledger account for
the following transactions of Abdan & Co on 30th January 2019. Salary expenses can be a liability or an asset as per the conditions.

Let’s go over a few examples to give you a better idea of the difference between the two. But, sometimes this amount is not required to pay based on the company and staff’s different reasons. For instance, a company may take out debt (a liability) in order to expand and grow its business.

Business days vary from month to month and may be affected by the number of holidays during the period. However, if one company’s debt is mostly short-term debt, it might run into cash flow issues if not enough revenue is generated to meet its obligations. Below, we’ll provide a listing and examples of some of the most common current liabilities found on company balance sheets. Balance sheets are financial statements that companies use to report their assets, liabilities, and shareholder equity.

Also called accrued liabilities, these expenses are realized on a company’s balance sheet and are usually current liabilities. Accrued liabilities are adjusted and recognized on the balance sheet at the end of each accounting period. Any adjustments that are required are used to document goods and services that have been delivered but not yet billed. Liabilities and equity make up the right side of the balance sheet and cover the financial side of the company. With liabilities, this is obvious—you owe loans to a bank, or repayment of bonds to holders of debt.

Short-Term Debt

Liabilities are presented as line items, subtotaled, and totaled on the balance sheet. Assets will typically be presented as individual line items, such as the examples above. Then, current and fixed assets are subtotaled and finally totaled together. Hourly wages may also be included in this expense category, in which case the account is usually entitled “Salaries and Wages – [department name]” to show the more comprehensive nature of the account. Expenses and liabilities are part of your ongoing business operations.

Accrued Expenses vs. Accounts Payable: An Overview

The wages expense account holds the total costs of paying employees for their work. Usually, the wages expense account only includes the costs of paying employees an hourly wage. It involves calculating the time an employee has worked hours over a specific period. Then, it requires multiplying that time with the hourly rate from the employment contract. Net pay is the employee’s gross earnings less mandatory and voluntary deductions. Another difference between salaries expense and salaries payable comes after some time.

Knowing the difference between your ongoing business expenses and your liabilities is crucial to effectively manage your company’s finances. You should now have no problem filling out your company’s income statement and balance sheet. One of the main differences between expenses and liabilities are how they’re used to track the financial health of your business. While expenses and liabilities may seem as though they’re interchangeable terms, they aren’t.

Accounting for Wage Expenses

They can also make transactions between businesses more efficient. For example, in most cases, if a wine supplier sells a case of wine to a restaurant, it does not demand payment when it delivers the goods. Rather, it invoices the restaurant for the purchase to streamline the drop-off and make paying easier for the restaurant. Also, if cash is expected to be tight within the next year, the company might miss its dividend payment or at least not increase its dividend. Dividends are cash payments from companies to their shareholders as a reward for investing in their stock.

For example, January’s salary will be paid on the 5th of February. The balance of salaries payable will be cleared when salary paid on 5th February. AT&T clearly defines its bank debt that is maturing in less than one year under current liabilities.


The current/short-term liabilities are separated from long-term/non-current liabilities on the balance sheet. A liability is something a person or company owes, usually a sum of money. Liabilities are settled over time through the transfer of economic benefits including money, goods, or services. Wage expenses vary from one period to the next, depending on the number of business days in the period and the amount of overtime to be paid.

What if Salary Payable Subsequently Not Pay to Staff? How to Account for It

The term accrued means to increase or accumulate so when a company accrues expenses, this means that its unpaid bills are increasing. Expenses are recognized under the accrual method of accounting when they are incurred—not necessarily when they are paid. However, companies may also pay wages simultaneously as they incur them. In those cases, the credit entry will involve cash/bank accounts.

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